Challenges of the Iranian government in smartening cities by emphasizing the model of good governance: Case study of Tehran
One of the main obstacles facing urban management, especially in metropolitan areas, is the fragmentation of urban management in terms of policy, decision-making, planning, guidance and monitoring. The problem that is most prevalent today in the field of urban management in developing countries, including Iran, is the multiplicity of different authorities and institutions responsible for implementing existing laws. Each section works out to implement the laws, with the structure and framework that they define for their institution efficiency, which creates various challenges as well as inconsistency in urban management system.
In order to achieve the desired urban governance as one of the infrastructures and principles of sustainable urban development in Tehran as a model of urbanization in Iran with a rate of 93% urbanization, urban management should be directed toward the smart city. This article discusses how the smart city and good governance can influence one another in Tehran metropolitan management. In this regard, we concluded that good governance has a positive and effective role in improving the smart city and affects all six indicators of the smart city, namely smart people, smart economy, smart transportation, smart governance, smart living and smart environment; and challenges in smart city can be also addressed and resolved by emphasizing the components and indicators of good governance. At the same time the more a city is smarten the more opportunities are provided for a good governance to accomplish sustainable development in cities.