The role of PPPs in creating sustainable cities


  • Thekiso MOLOKWANE University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
  • Alex NDUHURA Uganda Management Institute, Kampala Uganda
  • Lukamba Muhiya-TSHOMBE North West University, Gauteng, South Africa
  • Innocent NUWAGABA Uganda Management Institute, Kampala Uganda


Cities, Public Private Partnerships, private not-for-profit, private-for-profit


Cities remain an anchor for society. As cities emerge, they fascinate and inspire generations. Existing literature reveals that the term “cities” resonates with opportunities that are increasing difficult to meet with reducing central transfers. Based on a review of literature, this study reveals while central transfers have caused administrative financial distress and messy cities. Existing literature reveals that while PPPs have been adopted among cities in the developed world, adoption in Sub- Saharan Africa (SSA) has been slim despite dire need for escalating service alongside the passing of PPP Policy, legal and regulatory framework with immense literature pointing to capacity gaps. Based on a systematic review of literature this study provides lessons that can guide the applicability of PPPs in cities in SSA. The outcome of this paper is relevant because it adds to knowledge necessary to deliver services through PPPs in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the application of PPPs can enable cities in remaining relevant to their dwellers and visitors while resolving to some extent administrative financial stress that characterises cities in the developing world.







How to Cite

MOLOKWANE, T. et al. 2023. The role of PPPs in creating sustainable cities. Smart Cities International Conference (SCIC) Proceedings. 8, (Apr. 2023), 283–302.

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